MBSR эффективно снижает стресс у родителей детей, которые больны раком

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for lung cancer patients and their partners: Results of a mixed methods pilot study

D. G. M. Van Den Hurk, Schellekens, M. P., Molema, J., Speckens, A. E., & Drift, M. A

Abstract
Background: Lung cancer patients and partners show high rates of impaired quality of life and heightened distress levels. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction has proven to be effective in reducing psychological distress in cancer patients. However, studies barely included lung cancer patients.
Aim: We examined whether Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction might be a feasible and effective intervention for patients with lung cancer and partners.
Design: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction is a training in which mindfulness practices are combined with psycho-education to help participants cope with distress. In this mixed methods pilot study, questionnaires on psychological distress and quality of life were administered before, directly after and 3 months after the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction training, in combination with semistructured interviews.
Setting/participants: Patients with lung cancer and partners were recruited at one tertiary care academic medical centre. A total
of 19 lung cancer patients and 16 partners participated in the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction training.
Results: Most patients were diagnosed with advanced stage lung cancer. Vast majority completed the training. Those receiving anticancer treatment did not miss more sessions than patients who were not currently treated. Patients and partners felt positive about participating in a peer group and with their partner. Among participants no significant changes were found in psychological distress.
Caregiver burden in partners decreased significantly after following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction. The qualitative analysis showed that the training seemed to instigate a process of change in participants.
Conclusion: The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction training seemed to be feasible for patients with lung cancer and their partners. A randomized controlled trial is needed to examine the effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in reducing psychological distress in lung cancer patients and partners.
Вся статья:
D. G. M. Van Den Hurk, Schellekens, M. P., Molema, J., Speckens, A. E., & Drift, M. A. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for lung cancer patients and their partners: Results of a mixed methods pilot study. Palliative Medicine, 29(7), 652-660. doi:10.1177/0269216315572720